Canine Parvovirus: This virus affects the intestines in dogs of all ages, primarily young or non-vaccinated animals. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea (bloody), depression, and anorexia. This is a highly contagious and sometimes fatal disease. Your dog does not necessarily need to be in contact with other dogs to become infected. Rottweiler and Dobermans are extremely susceptible.
Canine Distemper (DHLPP): This virus affects the neurological and respiratory systems. Puppies and unvaccinated dogs are most susceptible to this highly contagious and fatal disease. Symptoms include oculonasal discharges, sneezing, depression, anorexia, +/-fever, +/-diarrhea, and eventually neurological signs such as muscle spasms, seizures, etc.
Infectious Canine Hepatitis Virus (DHLPP): This is a multisystemic viral disease that primarily affects the liver. It is spread primarily through contact with infected urine. Young dogs are most at risk. Symptoms are varied, with the disease ranging anywhere from mild to fatal.
Canine Adenovirus Type 2 (DHLPP): This causes an upper respiratory tract disease, primarily tracheobronchitis. Vaccination against ICH also protects against this virus.
Canine Leptospirosis (DHLPP): This is an acute infection caused by the Leptospira spirochete bacteria. This can be a mild to fatal disease with clinical signs ranging from fever and anorexia to signs resulting from liver and kidney failure. Transmission is through infected urine of dogs and rats. This is also a zoonotic disease, meaning that people can be infected with this organism.
Canine Parainfluenza virus (DHLPP): This virus causes a mild respiratory tract infection in dogs.
Canine Coronavirus: This virus causes a gastroenteritis similar to the parvovirus. Although this virus usually causes a milder infection, it can be fatal. Again, Rottweilers and Dobermans are at a higher risk than other dogs.
Canine Rabies Virus: This is a 100% fatal disease that affects the nervous system of all warm-blooded animals (that means PEOPLE too). State law requires that all dogs and cats be vaccinated against rabies each year. Transmission is usually from bite wounds. Some wild animals, such as skunks, fox, raccoons, and bats; can serve as reservoirs of the virus.
Canine Lyme Disease: This is a spirochete (Borrelia) that is transmitted by ticks. Young, outdoor dogs are most at risk. Clinical signs occur 1 month after exposure and include: arthritis, fever, lethargy, anorexia, acute pain, and lameness. People can also get this disease.
Canine Kennel Cough: The bacterium Bordatella is one of the main causes or tracheobronchitis (kennel cough). All dogs are at risk, primarily those dogs that get groomed frequently, are boarded at kennels, or that are shown.